Swelling is caused by our body’s own immune response. When we injure ourselves, or when a toxin or allergen infects an area, the body produces histamines in response and this causes blood and other fluids to rush to the area to provide it with minerals and white blood cells, and in order to help to flush the area of unwanted compounds.
In theory then this is a helpful and useful reaction, and in many cases it can be. However at the same time swelling can on some occasions cause more harm than good and especially if the swelling causes pain and lack of mobility by pressing on the damaged areas or other areas.
In some cases swelling and the rashes that often accompany swelling can be unsightly, and in other scenarios even dangerous – particularly if the swelling takes place in the neck and throat and closes off the air passages as a result making it difficult to breath. At the same time this can sometimes be even less helpful – for instance when the swelling is caused by an allergic reaction meaning that the immune response was unnecessary.
In any case it is important to be able to reduce swelling, and to keep things around the home that can help you to do so. Thinking ahead and visiting the pharmacy ahead of time is a good idea if you want to be ready should you need to combat swelling, and it’s crucial to stock up on things like corticosteroids, bandages and anti-histamines so that you are ready if you should injure yourself or suffer an unexpected reaction.
Here then is how to go about using those items once the problem arises. First of all, if you have suffered an injury then you should make it a priority to lie down and to treat the shock by replacing blood sugar (a sugary tea will do it) and by providing warmth and comfort. At the same time you should remove someone from the allergen if the swelling is caused by allergic reaction.
Next, raise the swollen area about the heart by using a sling, posture, or a pile of cushions. This allows gravity to do its job, simply draining the fluids out of the area. At the same time you should provide some cold compress – such as some ice and a tea towel. On top of this you can benefit from general compress such as a bandage
.If you have some around this is then where you can use medications.
Analgesics will help to treat the pain, whereas blood thinning ones (such as ibuprofen) will also help to reduce swelling. On top of this, if you have a topical corticosteroid you can use this in order to combat the swelling in the area. If the swelling is a result of allergic reaction then anti-histamines will help.